Pakistan on Tuesday unveiled its “new political map” showing Jammu and Kashmir, as well as a district of Gujarat, and another change in the map, showed that the international borderlines lie along the eastern bank of Sir Creek, which was previously along the western bank.
“We have seen a so-called political map of Pakistan that has been released by Prime Minister Imran Khan” This is an exercise in political absurdity, laying untenable claims to territories in the Indian State of Gujarat and our Union Territories of Jammu & Kashmir and of Ladakh, the Ministry of External Affairs said in a brief statement in New Delhi. The Pakistan cabinet also approved the decision to rename a major road in Islamabad as Srinagar Highway. The road was previously called Kashmir Highway.
History of Junagadh
During the interval just before the independence and partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, the 562 imperial states that had existed outside British India, but under British suzerainty, were provided the option of acceding to either India or Pakistan, or to staying apart. Although the provinces were theoretically unrestricted to select, Earl Mountbatten remarked that “geographic compulsions” meant that a maximum of them would choose India. Mountbatten assumed the position that hardly states that shared a formal border with Pakistan should select to agree to it, but he had no strength to impose this point of belief on the states.
On 15 September 1947, Nawab Mohammad MahabatKhanji III of Junagadh which, although placed at the south-western stop of Gujarat, had no common boundary with Pakistan selected to accede to Pakistan, ignoring Mountbatten’s beliefs and arguing that Junagadh could access Pakistan by sea. The rulers of two states that were liable to the suzerainty of Junagadh Mangrol and Babariawad reacted by announcing their independence from Junagadh and acceding to India. In response, the Nawab’s forces militarily occupied the two states. Leaders of other neighboring states responded angrily, sent troops to the Junagadh frontier, and appealed to the government of India for contribution. A group of Junagadh’s, led by Samaldas Gandhi and formed a government-in-exile, the Aarzi Hukumat. India affirmed that Junagadh was not bordering to Pakistan and, believing that if Junagadh was permitted to accede to Pakistan combined tension already simmering in Gujarat would deepen, refused to accept the nawab’s acquisition to Pakistan. The Indian government pointed out that the state was 96% Hindu, and called for a plebiscite to decide the question of acquisition. India cut off supplies of fuel and coal to Junagadh, severed air and postal links, sent troops to the frontier, and occupied the principalities of Mangrol and Babariawad, which had acceded to India.
Pakistan agreed to analyze a plebiscite, subject to the departure of Indian troops, a condition India rejected. On 26 October, the nawab and his family fled to Pakistan pursuing conflicts between Junagadh and Indian armies.
On 7 November, Junagadh’s court, facing fall, invited the government of India to take over the state’s regime. The Dewan of Junagadh, Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto, the father of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, decided to invite the Government of India to intervene and wrote a letter to Mr. Buch, the local commissioner of Saurashtra in the government of India to this impact.
The government of India rejected the objections of Pakistan and accepted the proposal of the dewan to interfere. A plebiscite was performed in February 1948, but it was not internationally regulated. Pakistan claims were not based on the plebiscite but on the logic of the Kashmir annexation, which went almost unanimously in acceptance of accession to India. Junagadh became a part of the Indian state of Saurashtra until 1 November 1956, when Saurashtra became part of Bombay state. In 1960, Bombay state was split into the linguistic provinces of Maharashtra and Gujarat, in which Junagadh was located.
Nevertheless no doubt Junagadh is an integral part of India and Pakistan’s claims are just ridiculous.