Nowadays it is almost impossible for someone to find work with respect to their qualification however, it can be worst after industrial revolution 4.0 and automation where the machine will be able to work in a complex or difficult professional environment as well as due to advancement in artificial intelligence they will be able to learn and apply what they learned in their past as an experience like human do therefore it marked debates between the intellectual and policymakers for how they going to provide jobs to the civilization and it is possible that automation directly cause millions of job loss and the number of indirect job loss are countless as of now but many citizens argue that it will also be going to create many jobs however it is true that it will provide jobs to the highly qualified citizen but jobs will not be more than 10 percent of job that going to be lost with automation so to solve this problem intellectual are suggesting basic income concept where everyone will get the minimum amount of fulfilling their basic needs without comparing race age and other factors and it states that everyone will get basic income if they qualify minimum age (at least 18 years).
Basic income as a concept was first introduced in the 16the century by Sir Thomas More’s Utopia depicted a citizen in which every person obtains a sure income and then in the 18th century, English radical Thomas Spence and American revolutionary Thomas Paine both announced their backing for a welfare policy that ensured all citizens a certain basic income. The 19th-century discussion on basic income was restricted, but during the early portion of the 20th century, a basic income named a “state bonus” was widely reviewed and since then many countries are tried to implement a basic income for certain parts of the country, for example, Indian policymakers performed two crucial pieces of research sampling the influence of absolute cash transfers in Madhya Pradesh and Delhi. The early survey performed from January to December 2011 in New Delhi sampled the influence of banknotes transfers when offered in coexistence with containing public welfare. The Indian government in partnership with SEWA and the Madhya Pradesh state government carried out a controlled trial. This experiment gave 100 randomly selected households 1,000 rupees per month. The money was laid under the name of the female head of contributing families in a bank. A more enterprising edition of this research took place in Madhya Pradesh as a two-pilot strategy.
Nevertheless, they are many trials where result varies from highly positive and negative. Many households worked more and become creative in their field although few families became lazy and did nothing to earn and never tried to fulfill their ambitions and the second main reason not to apply this kind policy is how the government going to distribute this much money as the base will going to reduce because of higher unemployment and many intellectual argument that the government can lit higher taxes on the ultra-wealthy as they will be able to more by saving money due to the use of machines but it is hard to say that how universal basic income going to work in the future but it is clear that government will need this kind of polices to maintain public order.