Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a disease or illness which causes by a type coronavirus known as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Most Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) sufferer develops respiratory disorders like fever, cough, and reduction in breathing time. Almost 35% patient of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) dies.

History of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)

The first official case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) was reported in Saudi Arabia in September of 2012 however after investigation it found that the first case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) came from Jordan in April 2012 that’s why almost all initial cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) reported in the Arabian peninsula and outside Arabian peninsula Republic of Korea reported a high number of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) patient in 2015 although the outbreak was occurred due to a traveler returning from the Arabian peninsula.

Symptoms

An individual with confirmed the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection develop a respiratory disorder.

  1. Fever or high temperature
  2. Cough
  3. Hard to breath
  4. Diarrhea
  5. Vomiting and nausea
  6. Pneumonia
  7. Kidney failure

Most people die due to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) weak immune system from a pre-existing disorder like diabetes and other

Pre-existing conditions and disorder which can cause a problem in Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

  1. Diabetes
  2. Cancer
  3. Chronic lung disease
  4. Chronic heart disease
  5. Chronic kidney disease

In some case, no symptoms are reported or in few with mild symptoms like cold however, symptoms of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) appear after 5 to 6 days but can occur in 2 to 14 days

Prevention

No vaccine is available to protect from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) however scientist

But guidelines should be following given below

  1. Wash your hand at least 20 seconds with soap and water if not available then with alcohol based hand sanitizer.
  2. Use mask
  3. Cover your nose with a mask
  4. Don’t touch your eye without washing
  5. Try not to kiss anyone
  6. Don’t share cups and other stuff with a sick person

Treatment

There is no specific treatment for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). An individual with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) receives medical help to reduce symptoms.

Transmission

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) can spread or transmit from sufferer to other individual. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) can infect anyone with no specific age group.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) like other coronaviruses, it usually spread through coughing or other section of the respiratory section of the body however cause of spread is unknown.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) mostly transmit through close contact such as caring for an infected (sufferer person). Outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) occur mostly in hospitals and research center mainly associated with scientist working on the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).

Most of the cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) occur in countries linked to the Arabian Peninsula. People with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection are traveled from Arabic countries.

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