In 2011, Germany announced that the government of Germany is going to shut their all nuclear power plant after serious of protest against nuclear energy after Fukushima nuclear disaster, therefore, the government shutdown there eight nuclear power plant and came with a nuclear phase-out plan to reduce their depends on nuclear-powered energy and eliminating nuclear energy from the country before 2022.
The same trend in other countries in the EU can be seen. Italy selected overwhelmingly to resist their nation’s non-nuclear. Switzerland and Spain have prohibited the building of new reactors. Japan’s prime minister has called for an impressive removal in Japan’s dependence on nuclear energy. Taiwan’s president did a similar. Shinzō Abe, the prime minister of Japan since December 2012, declared a strategy to re-start some of the 54 Japanese nuclear power plants (NPPs) and to renew some NPP locations under formation.
Countries which doesn’t operate any kind of nuclear energy station contain Australia, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, and Portugal.
Same is happening again in Germany but this time the people of Germany want to reduce their dependence on coal-powered station in their country to meet Paris climate agreement and government of Germany is announced that they’re going to change their energy supply from coal energy to renewable energy (wind energy, solar energy,etc..) by phase-out plan and they will abolish coal energy until 2038 and The German parliament approved the country’s coal departure rule in July 2020, 18 months after the multi-stakeholder coal departure commission recommended a stop to coal-fired energy production in the country by 2038 at the very latest.
The coal exit law sets out the roadmap for closing down the country’s lasting coal power, clearly differentiating between the courses for lignite and hard coal. A lignite phase-out has a greater effect on mining areas and laborers than a hard coal phase-out. Germany’s last hard coal mine closed in 2018.
It also finalizes compensation lawsuits by coal plant operators and paves the path for economic support policies in coal areas worth 40 billion euros.
Germany has 250,000 laborers in renewable energy sectors significantly high than in the coal industry.
Coal is a wore energy source and because of coal global warming is becoming more and more harmful for humans
The 40 billion euros compensation will target some German states which include lignite mines and coal-fired power plants and those states Include Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, and Brandenburg.
A large part of the compensation will be going into a new infrastructural project as well as the region which highly relies on coal energy.
Mines and utilities will get compensation for the missing output. The compensation for shutting coal-fired power stations in Germany is set at 4.35 billion euros.