Most of the causes of death in the world are a disease that can resolve by improving healthcare practices and awareness in public about this type of disease and causes however governments must take steps.
Ischemic Heart Disease
Ischemia is a heart disease in which chest pain or discomfort occurs when a particular part of the heart doesn’t receive a limited amount of blood and most of the time this kind of situation happens when excitement or exertion takes place which causes high demand of blood flow to heart and brain.
Ischemic heart disease is also called coronary heart disease which is one of the major causes of death in the United States of America and the world.
Ischemia heart disease happens when cholesterol starts accumulating on the walls of the attires that supply blood to the heart and after a certain time causes the narrowing of arteries that cause the reduction of blood and oxygen to the heart and heart muscles. Deposit is known as plaques.
Stroke is a heart disease in which blood supply to the brain is interrupted or reduced, preventing brain cells and tissue from getting oxygen and other essential nutrients and because of this brain cells start to die in just a few minutes.
Stroke is a medical emergency and treatment of stroke is difficult however prevention and early action can help to reduce the chance of emergency requirements.
Low Respiratory Infection
Low respiratory infection is an infection in the lower track of the respiratory system (below voice box, lungs, pneumonia, bronchitis, and tuberculosis.)
In lower respiratory tract infection bronchitis and other parts of the respiratory system which can block and affect airways or air sacs.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
COPD is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that can cause hurdles in the airflow of the lungs.
Symptoms of COPD include
- breathing difficulty
- mucus (sputum) production
COPD is a disease is caused due to bad environment and smoking in the long term however people with COPD are greater chances of generating heart disease, lung cancer, and other diseases.
Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are the major reason which contributes to COPD and this both condition occur together usually and can very individual to individual.
Diarrhea is a term that can be defined as the passage of more than 3 loose or liquid stools per day (more frequent to other days). Frequently passing stools is not considered as diarrhea as well as the passing of loose stools (pasty) by breastfeeding babies.
Symptoms of diarrhea are usually the same as infection in the intestinal tract, which can cause by many microorganisms, include bacteria, viral, and others. Infection of diarrhea passes through bad hygiene such as contaminated food and drinking from person to person
Tuberculosis is a disease that is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (bacteria) that usually affect the lungs however tuberculosis is curable and preventable.
Tuberculosis spread from one individual to another by air in the form of cough, sneeze or spit, which propels the tuberculosis germs into the air, and inhaling another or 2nd person can make him/her infected.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic disease that can be life-threatening and cause by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).
And HIV can affect your immune system by interfering with the body’s ability to flight from infection and disease.
HIV is an STI (sexually transmitted infection) and it can spread by touching, contact with infected blood, or from pregnant mother to child during pregnancy as well as breastfeeding. It can take years to affect your immune system and it will because there is no medication for HIV/AIDS however medication can help to reduce the progress of HIV in your body by helping to improve the immune system.
Preterm Birth Complication
Preterm is a term that referred to a premature baby born alive before 37 weeks of pregnancy are completed. There is a classification of preterm birth on their gestational age:
- extremely preterm (less than 28 weeks)
- very preterm (28 to 32 weeks)
- Moderate to late preterm (32 to 37 weeks).
Induction should not be planned before 39 weeks unless the doctor prescribes it.
Trachea, Bronchus And Lung Cancer
Cancer is a disease in which body cells grow out of control or self to replicate without brain order. When cancer begins from the lungs are called lung cancer, and can spread to lymph nodes or other organs in the body.
Lung cancer is usually divided into two categories known as small cell and non-small cell. Non-small lung cancer is more common in the public than small cell lung cancer.
Death can reduce easily with improvement, infrastructure, and health care.
Malaria is a disease caused by Plasmodium parasites. The parasites are spread through infected female Anopheles mosquitoes known as malaria vectors by bites. There are total 5 parasite species however out of 2 are more dangers than other species (– P. falciparum and P. vivax)
Birth Asphyxia And Birth Trauma
Birth asphyxia is asphyxia which occurs near the time of birth when the child experiences a lack of oxygen and another nutrient in the brain.
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a brain disease that results due to insufficient oxygen in the blood as well as decreased blood flow to the brain.
And both these diseases can cause permanent brain damage that can result in cerebral palsy, seizure disorders, developmental delays, and learning disabilities in the long term.