Heart disease is a very chronic disease which is very fatal as well as dangerous. The number of people who die from this disease is very high, if we talk only about America then according to the Trusted Source, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC).In the United States, 1 in 4 deaths is the result of heart disease.

It is about 610,000 people who die from this condition every year. On this web page, we are going to discuss heart disease. Here we also show you a few tips and effective ways to protect from heart disease.

How Many Types of Heart Disease?

Types of heart disease include

1. Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia is a problem related to your heart rate. This means that your heart beats very fast, or beats very slowly, or beats in an irregular pattern. When the heart rate is faster than normal, it is called tachycardia. When your heart rate is much slower than normal, it is called bradycardia.

The most common type of arrhythmias is atrial fibrillation, atrial fibrillation, which causes the heart to become rapid and irregular. Several factors can affect your heart rates, such as heart attack, smoking, congenital heart disease, and stress. Some substances or medications can also cause arrhythmias.

Symptoms of Arrhythmia

  • Racing heartbeat fast
  • Slow pulse walking
  • Fainting spells
  • Chest pain problems

2. Atherosclerosis 

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which ‘plaque’ is formed inside your arteries. The arteries carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and other parts of the body. Plaque is formed from fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time the plaque makes your arteries hard and shaped and it disrupts the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and other parts of the body.

Atherosclerosis can also cause serious problems such as a heart attack (stroke) or even death.

Symptoms of Atherosclerosis

  • Coldness
  • Pain
  • Weakness in your legs and arms

3. Cardiomyopathy 

Cardiomyopathy is a progressive disease of the myocardium or heart muscle. In most cases, the heart muscle becomes weak and unable to pump blood to the rest of the body. There are many different types of cardiomyopathy, ranging from coronary heart disease to certain medications.

Heart Disease

Symptoms of Cardiomyopathy

  • Fatigue
  • Swollen legs, ankle
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Faster pulse problems

4. Congenital Heart Defects

A congenital heart defect (CHD), also known as congenital heart anomaly or congenital heart disease, is a problem in the structure of the heart present at birth. Signs and symptoms depend on the specific type of problem.

Symptoms can be life-threatening than none. When present they can cause rapid breathing, blue skin, poor weight gain, and feeling tired. It does not cause chest pain. Most congenital heart problems are not caused by other diseases. Complications resulting from heart defects include heart failure.

Symptoms of Congenital Heart Defects

  • Face skin problems
  • Swelling of the body
  • difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue, tiredness
  • Low energy feeling
  • Irregular heart walking

5. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Coronary artery disease refers to a disease in which blood cannot reach the heart, mainly due to blockage or malfunction in the arteries that carry blood to the heart.

Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • A feeling of pressure or squeezing in the chest
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Feelings of indigestion
  • Gas

6. Heart Infections

Infection of the heart, Heart infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites.

Symptoms of Heart Infections

  • Chest pain
  • Chest congestion or coughing
  • Fever
  • Skin rash