Heart disease is a term to refer to several types of heart conditions. Coronary artery disease  (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease in the United States of America, which affects the blood flow of the heart. Decrees in blood flow result in a heart attack due to less oxygen supply.

Symptoms of HD

Well, sometimes heart disease may be a silent killer and not diagnosed until a person experience sigh or symptoms of a heart attack, heart failure, or arrhythmia. Symptoms of this type of disease include.

Heart attack

  • Chest pain (discomfort), upper body discomfort
  • Neck pain
  • Indigestion
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness and shortness of breath.

Arrhythmia

  • Fluttering feelings in the chest (palpitations).

Heart failure

  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue,
  • Swelling of the feet, ankles, legs, or neck veins.

Risk factors of HD

Key risk factors of heart disease can include High blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and smoking. More than half of American has one of this risk factor.

Other risk factors include

Myths and question related to heart disease

Do age and sex affect the risk of heart disease?

Not heart disease is one of the major causes of death in women and men both. Heart disease can happen at any age however risk increases with increase in age

Do race and ethnicity affect the risk of heart disease?

Heart disease and stroke can affect anyone however some groups are more likely to have heart disease and stroke because of lifestyle and cardiovascular risk.

Heart disease is a major cause of death however in the case of African Americans, American Indians, Alaska Natives, and white people is the biggest cause of death but in the case of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders and Hispanics heart disease is the second cause of death after cancer.

How do genetics and family history affect the risk of heart disease?

Heredity is a term that means when members of the family pass trait from one generation to another with the help of genes and it can pass genes related disease like heart disease.

Genetic factors play a significant role in high blood pressure, heart disease, and other cardiovascular-related diseases. However, it’s more likely that people with a family history of heart disease share a common environment, lifestyle, and other factors that may increase their risk of getting heart disease.

The risk factor for heart disease can increase more when heredity with unhealthy lifestyle choice likes smoking cigarette, unhealthy diet, etc.

Prevent Heart Disease

  • Choose Healthy Habits
  • Choose healthy food and drink
  • Keep a healthy weight
  • Get regular physical exercise
  • Don’t smoke
  • Take Charge of Your Medical Conditions
  • Check your cholesterol
  • Control your blood pressure
  • Manage your diabetes
  • Take your medicine as directed
  • Work with your health care team